Dynamics of the within-herd prevalence of Mycoplasma bovis intramammary infection in endemically infected dairy herds.
Anri Aino Elisa Timonen, Tiina Autio, Tarja Pohjanvirta, Liidia Häkkinen, Jørgen Katholm, Anders Petersen, Kerli Mõtusa, Piret Kalmus.
A B S T R A C T
We aimed to identify the dynamics of the within-herd prevalence of Mycoplasma (M.) bovis intramammary infection (IMI) in four dairy herds, estimate prevalence of M. bovis in colostrum and clinical mastitis cases and compare M. bovis strains from calves’ respiratory and cow clinical mastitis samples.
Within a six-month study period, cow composite milk samples (CMS) were collected three times during routine milk recording, first milking colostrum samples from all calving cows and udder quarter milk samples from clinical mastitis cases. Calf respiratory samples were collected from calves with respiratory disease. Pooled milk samples were analysed for M. bovis with the Mastitis 4B polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test kit (DNA Diagnostic A/S).
Prevalence estimates were calculated with Bayesian framework in R statistical programme. cg-MLST was used for M. bovis genotyping. In Herd I and II first testing M. bovis IMI within-herd prevalence (95 % credibility interval (CI)) was 4.7 % (2.9; 6.8) and 3.4 % (2.3; 4.6), changing to 1.0 % (0.1; 1.7) and 0.8 % (0.1; 1.4) in Herd I and 0.4 % (0.0;0.7) in Herd II at the next samplings. In Herd III and IV first testing M. bovis IMI within-herd prevalence was 12.3% (9.7; 15.2) and 7.8 % (6.2; 9.5), changing to 4.6 % (3.0; 6.4) and 3.2 % (1.9; 4.8) in Herd III and to 2.8 % (1.9;3.8) and 4.9 % (3.6; 6.4) in Herd IV at the next samplings. The estimated prevalence of M. bovis in colostrum ranged between 1.7 % (0.2; 2.8) and 4.7 % (2.7; 7.1) and in clinical mastitis cases between 3.7 % (1.7; 6.4) and 11.0 % (7.5; 15.2) in the study herds. M. bovis strains isolated from cows and calves clustered within herds indicating possible transmission of M. bovis between dairy cows and calves. Prevalence of M. bovis in colostrum and clinical mastitis cases as well as the within-herd prevalence of M. bovis IMI was low in endemically infected dairy herds.
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